Antibiotics may be prescribed in circumstances of scarlet fever, which were at their highest February level this yr in England for 24 years Photograph: Helen Sessions / Alamy/Alamy
Cases of scarlet fever in England are at the highest level for 24 many years, figures display. Throughout February there were drastically a lot more situations of the very contagious bacterial illness than anticipated, according to Public Overall health England, with 868 situations reported to wellness officials in the four weeks to 23 February.
In the previous 4 years authorities have noted an average of 444 instances. Officials explained that the figure is at its highest for this time of year because 1990.
The most noticeable symptom of scarlet fever is a distinctive pink-red rash that feels like sandpaper to touch. Other symptoms incorporate a large temperature, a flushed encounter and a red, swollen tongue.
The boost has been mentioned across England, but not in the north-west.
An interim report on the infection states: “Regimen monitoring of surveillance data has recognized widespread increases in scarlet fever notifications in February 2014, beyond these seasonally anticipated. These are the highest notification totals for this time of yr because 1990.”
A PHE spokeswoman mentioned there was also a notable improve in the variety of instances each couple of years and that the most current bout of infections was probably to be part of that cycle.
The organisation has warned overall health officials to be mindful of the recent rise in figures when treating sufferers. Scarlet fever is very contagious and can be caught by breathing in bacteria from an contaminated person’s coughs and sneezes, touching the skin of a individual with a streptococcal skin infection and sharing contaminated towels, baths, clothes or bed linen.
PHE’s head of streptococcal infection surveillance, Dr Theresa Lamagni, mentioned: “The very first signs and symptoms of scarlet fever often include a sore throat, headache, fever, nausea, and vomiting.
“Between 12 to 48 hours after this a characteristic rash develops. Cases are far more common in youngsters despite the fact that grownups can also create scarlet fever. Signs generally clear up soon after a week and in the bulk of situations stay fairly mild delivering a program of antibiotics is completed to reduce the danger of complications.
“Youngsters or adults diagnosed with scarlet fever are advised to stay at property until at least 24 hours after the begin of antibiotic therapy to keep away from passing on the infection.
“We will continue to closely keep track of these increases and perform with healthcare specialists to attempt and halt the spread of infection.”