It can be itchy and start in one particular region, but quickly spreads to numerous elements of the physique, this kind of as the ears, neck and chest.
Other signs consist of a high temperature, vomiting, a flushed face and a red, swollen tongue.
Scarlet fever normally follows a sore throat or skin infection and is most widespread among the ages of two and eight.
It is caught by breathing in bacteria in airborne droplets from an infected person’s coughs and sneezes, or via touching their skin.
Sharing contaminated towels, baths, clothing, bedding, cups and utensils can also pass on the infection.
It is handled by antibiotics which need to be taken for ten days, even however most individuals recover soon after 4 to 5 days.
Dr Theresa Lamagni, PHE’s head of streptococcal infection surveillance, explained: ”The initial signs and symptoms of scarlet fever usually contain a sore throat, headache, fever, nausea, and vomiting.
”Between twelve to 48 hours following this, a characteristic rash develops. Circumstances are a lot more common in kids, even though adults can also produce scarlet fever.
”Symptoms typically clear up after a week and the bulk of instances can be taken care of with a course of antibiotics to reduce chance of issues.
”PHE suggests that folks with symptoms of scarlet fever see their GP. When young children or grownups are diagnosed with scarlet fever, we strongly advise them to remain at residence until finally at least 24 hrs following the begin of antibiotic therapy to avoid passing on the infection.
”PHE publishes advice for schools where infections can spread easily. Exactly where outbreaks arise, local overall health protection teams are on hand to supply a fast response, successful outbreak management and authoritative suggestions.”
There is at present no vaccine for scarlet fever.