Tag Archives: back

Residents of blocks next to Grenfell Tower fear being forced to move back

Residents of three blocks next to Grenfell Tower who are living in temporary accommodation fear that they will be forced to return when the estate is refurbished even though many have traumatic memories of the deadly fire.

There is concern among the 161 households from the so-called walkway blocks that new council rehousing guidelines mean they will face a series of restrictions and less secure tenancy terms if they move elsewhere.

Community leaders have accused Kensington and Chelsea council of breaking promises to residents of the Grenfell Tower estate as a result.

A spokesman from North Kensington Law Centre, which has worked closely with many Grenfell families, said they were “deeply concerned about the policy in its current form”.

He said: “Walkways residents will be faced with a difficult choice as to whether they forgo their housing security and some vital tenancy rights or face the trauma of having to return to the estate in the shadow of Grenfell.

“This policy runs the serious risk of failing to address residents’ needs, pressurising them into returning to the estate, potentially at the cost of their wellbeing and that of their children.”

Those who lived in the main tower, where at least 80 people died, and another badly-damaged block, Grenfell Walk, were told soon after the blaze that there would be no restrictions on their opportunities to choose a new council home.

However, people in the three walkway blocks adjoining the main tower – Barandon Walk, Hurstway Walk and Testerton Walk – have had to wait more than four months for news of their options.

A draft rehousing plan for the walkways, published before a council committee meeting on Monday night, says those wishing to move will only be given two chances to accept offers of new homes. If they refuse both, they will lose any priority.

It stipulates that walkway residents will be given a maximum of 900 “points” for the council’s housing list, not enough to automatically place them at the top for other homes. Tenant rehoused by a housing association or another council will not necessarily keep the same security of tenure, thus potentially losing a lifetime lease.

Jennifer Nadel, who stood for the Green party in Kensington in the June election and has worked as a volunteer supporting Grenfell survivors, said it was “utterly inhumane” to penalise the residents.

She said: “It puts tenants in the position of having to choose between their mental and emotional health and their housing rights. Yet again, the council has failed to respond with humanity to this tragedy.”

John Healey, the shadow housing minister, said: “Ministers promised they would do everything they can to support the victims of the Grenfell Tower fire. That must include making sure that any residents affected by the fire do not lose out as a result of being rehoused.”

One community leader who has worked with many walkway families said the policy of giving residents just two choices of new homes seemed especially onerous: “Who’s going to monitor if they’ve been given appropriate choices? What if they’re offered a flat on a high floor of a tower block?”

One resident, who asked not to be named, said it was hard to overstate the emotional impact of returning to the estate: “Out of one window you have the investigations team and on the other side you have the tower. And then there’s the emotional impact of the night.”

The resident said the rehousing policy failed to address the needs of locals who might wish to eventually return home, but only once the fire-ravaged tower was covered up or removed.

“For me, the biggest problem is that it pressures people to move back and stipulates what happens if you move away. What it doesn’t say properly is what happens to people who want to move back but not yet.”

Kim Taylor-Smith, the Kensington and Chelsea councillor who leads on housing, said the council would be consulting residents: “It is going through a thorough serious consultation – starting with scrutiny from the public this very evening … [the council] understands that many of these people will also be severely traumatised by what they saw that night”.

“We believe that we have put forward a fair way to help people out of hotels and either back into their own homes, into temporary accommodation, or into a home in a different location.”

When do the clocks go back? Key facts about the switch to GMT

Britons will be able to enjoy an extra hour under the duvet – and reap health and cognitive bonuses – on Sunday when the clocks go back at 2am, according to sleep experts.

As daylight saving time ends, the UK will switch from British summer time (BST) to Greenwich mean time (GMT), heralding the start of lighter mornings but darker evenings.

But – according to Prof Matthew Walker, director of the Center for Human Sleep Science at Berkeley, California – a small boost to our nightly slumber can also improve memory and increase learning capacity.

Walker, who recently published Why We Sleep, a book drawing on 20 years of research and findings from his laboratory, said: “Just 60 to 90 minutes of additional sleep boosts the learning capacity of the brain, significantly increasing memory retention of facts and preventing forgetting.”

In a study published six years ago in Current Biology, Walker and a team of researchers demonstrated that during a demanding memorising task, test subjects who were allowed extra nap time performed better than those who did not.

They found the brain’s ability to learn was linked to sleep spindles: fast pulses of electricity generated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which accounts for 25% of total sleep time in adult humans.

Spindle-rich sleep, which is said to occur in the second half of the night, helps with the brain’s ability to create new memories by “clearing a path to learning”.

But it is not just about improved brain power. Experiments conducted in 2013 by the Surrey Sleep Centre and the BBC showed a link between an extra hour in bed and genetic expression that helps protect against illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and stress.

Scientists at the centre in Guildford divided the participants into two groups. During the first week, one group slept for six-and-a-half hours nightly while the other had seven-and-a-half hours of sleep. The volunteers then switched their sleep patterns in the second week.

The researchers found that those who had less sleep struggled with mental agility tasks. Blood tests revealed that genes associated with processes such as inflammation, immune response and response to stress became more active for those who had less sleep.

The activity of genes associated with heart disease, diabetes and risk of cancer also increased. They found the reverse happened when the volunteers slept for an extra hour.

Meanwhile, other studies have linked extra sleep time to a lower risk of heart disease. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that adults who slept for seven hours a night had a lower chance of having calcium deposits in their arteries than adults who had only six hours of sleep.

According to scientists from the University of Chicago, who conducted the five-year research, “the benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17mmHg”.

Another study, published in 2012 in the Journal of Sleep Research, found that getting an extra hour of sleep significantly improved blood pressure levels among people with hypertension or pre-hypertension.

Daylight saving time has also been linked to heart attacks. In a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2014, Amneet Sandhu of the University of Colorado reported a 24% increase in heart attack admissions at hospitals in Michigan from 2010 to 2013 on the Monday after the clocks went forward in spring, when compared with other Mondays throughout the year.

In contrast, he noted a 21% decrease in heart attacks on the Tuesday in the same hospitals after the clocks moved an hour back in autumn.

Last year a poll by the Royal Society for Public Health revealed people in the UK slept an average of 6.8 hours, under-sleeping by about an hour a night.

Modern daylight saving time (DST) is a little over 100 years old. It was first proposed by a New Zealander named George Hudson in 1895 and first introduced in the city of Orillia in Ontario in 1911-12.

The idea’s big breakthrough came during the first world war when Germany introduced DST on 30 April 1916 to alleviate hardships from wartime coal shortages and air raid blackouts.

Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the US adopted it in 1918.

When do the clocks go back? Key facts about the switch to GMT

Britons will be able to enjoy an extra hour under the duvet – and reap health and cognitive bonuses – on Sunday when the clocks go back at 2am, according to sleep experts.

As daylight saving time ends, the UK will switch from British summer time (BST) to Greenwich mean time (GMT), heralding the start of lighter mornings but darker evenings.

But – according to Prof Matthew Walker, director of the Center for Human Sleep Science at Berkeley, California – a small boost to our nightly slumber can also improve memory and increase learning capacity.

Walker, who recently published Why We Sleep, a book drawing on 20 years of research and findings from his laboratory, said: “Just 60 to 90 minutes of additional sleep boosts the learning capacity of the brain, significantly increasing memory retention of facts and preventing forgetting.”

In a study published six years ago in Current Biology, Walker and a team of researchers demonstrated that during a demanding memorising task, test subjects who were allowed extra nap time performed better than those who did not.

They found the brain’s ability to learn was linked to sleep spindles: fast pulses of electricity generated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which accounts for 25% of total sleep time in adult humans.

Spindle-rich sleep, which is said to occur in the second half of the night, helps with the brain’s ability to create new memories by “clearing a path to learning”.

But it is not just about improved brain power. Experiments conducted in 2013 by the Surrey Sleep Centre and the BBC showed a link between an extra hour in bed and genetic expression that helps protect against illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and stress.

Scientists at the centre in Guildford divided the participants into two groups. During the first week, one group slept for six-and-a-half hours nightly while the other had seven-and-a-half hours of sleep. The volunteers then switched their sleep patterns in the second week.

The researchers found that those who had less sleep struggled with mental agility tasks. Blood tests revealed that genes associated with processes such as inflammation, immune response and response to stress became more active for those who had less sleep.

The activity of genes associated with heart disease, diabetes and risk of cancer also increased. They found the reverse happened when the volunteers slept for an extra hour.

Meanwhile, other studies have linked extra sleep time to a lower risk of heart disease. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that adults who slept for seven hours a night had a lower chance of having calcium deposits in their arteries than adults who had only six hours of sleep.

According to scientists from the University of Chicago, who conducted the five-year research, “the benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17mmHg”.

Another study, published in 2012 in the Journal of Sleep Research, found that getting an extra hour of sleep significantly improved blood pressure levels among people with hypertension or pre-hypertension.

Daylight saving time has also been linked to heart attacks. In a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2014, Amneet Sandhu of the University of Colorado reported a 24% increase in heart attack admissions at hospitals in Michigan from 2010 to 2013 on the Monday after the clocks went forward in spring, when compared with other Mondays throughout the year.

In contrast, he noted a 21% decrease in heart attacks on the Tuesday in the same hospitals after the clocks moved an hour back in autumn.

Last year a poll by the Royal Society for Public Health revealed people in the UK slept an average of 6.8 hours, under-sleeping by about an hour a night.

Modern daylight saving time (DST) is a little over 100 years old. It was first proposed by a New Zealander named George Hudson in 1895 and first introduced in the city of Orillia in Ontario in 1911-12.

The idea’s big breakthrough came during the first world war when Germany introduced DST on 30 April 1916 to alleviate hardships from wartime coal shortages and air raid blackouts.

Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the US adopted it in 1918.

When do the clocks go back? Key facts about the switch to GMT

Britons will be able to enjoy an extra hour under the duvet – and reap health and cognitive bonuses – on Sunday when the clocks go back at 2am, according to sleep experts.

As daylight saving time ends, the UK will switch from British summer time (BST) to Greenwich mean time (GMT), heralding the start of lighter mornings but darker evenings.

But – according to Prof Matthew Walker, director of the Center for Human Sleep Science at Berkeley, California – a small boost to our nightly slumber can also improve memory and increase learning capacity.

Walker, who recently published Why We Sleep, a book drawing on 20 years of research and findings from his laboratory, said: “Just 60 to 90 minutes of additional sleep boosts the learning capacity of the brain, significantly increasing memory retention of facts and preventing forgetting.”

In a study published six years ago in Current Biology, Walker and a team of researchers demonstrated that during a demanding memorising task, test subjects who were allowed extra nap time performed better than those who did not.

They found the brain’s ability to learn was linked to sleep spindles: fast pulses of electricity generated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which accounts for 25% of total sleep time in adult humans.

Spindle-rich sleep, which is said to occur in the second half of the night, helps with the brain’s ability to create new memories by “clearing a path to learning”.

But it is not just about improved brain power. Experiments conducted in 2013 by the Surrey Sleep Centre and the BBC showed a link between an extra hour in bed and genetic expression that helps protect against illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and stress.

Scientists at the centre in Guildford divided the participants into two groups. During the first week, one group slept for six-and-a-half hours nightly while the other had seven-and-a-half hours of sleep. The volunteers then switched their sleep patterns in the second week.

The researchers found that those who had less sleep struggled with mental agility tasks. Blood tests revealed that genes associated with processes such as inflammation, immune response and response to stress became more active for those who had less sleep.

The activity of genes associated with heart disease, diabetes and risk of cancer also increased. They found the reverse happened when the volunteers slept for an extra hour.

Meanwhile, other studies have linked extra sleep time to a lower risk of heart disease. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that adults who slept for seven hours a night had a lower chance of having calcium deposits in their arteries than adults who had only six hours of sleep.

According to scientists from the University of Chicago, who conducted the five-year research, “the benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17mmHg”.

Another study, published in 2012 in the Journal of Sleep Research, found that getting an extra hour of sleep significantly improved blood pressure levels among people with hypertension or pre-hypertension.

Daylight saving time has also been linked to heart attacks. In a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2014, Amneet Sandhu of the University of Colorado reported a 24% increase in heart attack admissions at hospitals in Michigan from 2010 to 2013 on the Monday after the clocks went forward in spring, when compared with other Mondays throughout the year.

In contrast, he noted a 21% decrease in heart attacks on the Tuesday in the same hospitals after the clocks moved an hour back in autumn.

Last year a poll by the Royal Society for Public Health revealed people in the UK slept an average of 6.8 hours, under-sleeping by about an hour a night.

Modern daylight saving time (DST) is a little over 100 years old. It was first proposed by a New Zealander named George Hudson in 1895 and first introduced in the city of Orillia in Ontario in 1911-12.

The idea’s big breakthrough came during the first world war when Germany introduced DST on 30 April 1916 to alleviate hardships from wartime coal shortages and air raid blackouts.

Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the US adopted it in 1918.

When do the clocks go back? Key facts about the switch to GMT

Britons will be able to enjoy an extra hour under the duvet – and reap health and cognitive bonuses – on Sunday when the clocks go back at 2am, according to sleep experts.

As daylight saving time ends, the UK will switch from British summer time (BST) to Greenwich mean time (GMT), heralding the start of lighter mornings but darker evenings.

But – according to Prof Matthew Walker, director of the Center for Human Sleep Science at Berkeley, California – a small boost to our nightly slumber can also improve memory and increase learning capacity.

Walker, who recently published Why We Sleep, a book drawing on 20 years of research and findings from his laboratory, said: “Just 60 to 90 minutes of additional sleep boosts the learning capacity of the brain, significantly increasing memory retention of facts and preventing forgetting.”

In a study published six years ago in Current Biology, Walker and a team of researchers demonstrated that during a demanding memorising task, test subjects who were allowed extra nap time performed better than those who did not.

They found the brain’s ability to learn was linked to sleep spindles: fast pulses of electricity generated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which accounts for 25% of total sleep time in adult humans.

Spindle-rich sleep, which is said to occur in the second half of the night, helps with the brain’s ability to create new memories by “clearing a path to learning”.

But it is not just about improved brain power. Experiments conducted in 2013 by the Surrey Sleep Centre and the BBC showed a link between an extra hour in bed and genetic expression that helps protect against illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and stress.

Scientists at the centre in Guildford divided the participants into two groups. During the first week, one group slept for six-and-a-half hours nightly while the other had seven-and-a-half hours of sleep. The volunteers then switched their sleep patterns in the second week.

The researchers found that those who had less sleep struggled with mental agility tasks. Blood tests revealed that genes associated with processes such as inflammation, immune response and response to stress became more active for those who had less sleep.

The activity of genes associated with heart disease, diabetes and risk of cancer also increased. They found the reverse happened when the volunteers slept for an extra hour.

Meanwhile, other studies have linked extra sleep time to a lower risk of heart disease. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that adults who slept for seven hours a night had a lower chance of having calcium deposits in their arteries than adults who had only six hours of sleep.

According to scientists from the University of Chicago, who conducted the five-year research, “the benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17mmHg”.

Another study, published in 2012 in the Journal of Sleep Research, found that getting an extra hour of sleep significantly improved blood pressure levels among people with hypertension or pre-hypertension.

Daylight saving time has also been linked to heart attacks. In a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2014, Amneet Sandhu of the University of Colorado reported a 24% increase in heart attack admissions at hospitals in Michigan from 2010 to 2013 on the Monday after the clocks went forward in spring, when compared with other Mondays throughout the year.

In contrast, he noted a 21% decrease in heart attacks on the Tuesday in the same hospitals after the clocks moved an hour back in autumn.

Last year a poll by the Royal Society for Public Health revealed people in the UK slept an average of 6.8 hours, under-sleeping by about an hour a night.

Modern daylight saving time (DST) is a little over 100 years old. It was first proposed by a New Zealander named George Hudson in 1895 and first introduced in the city of Orillia in Ontario in 1911-12.

The idea’s big breakthrough came during the first world war when Germany introduced DST on 30 April 1916 to alleviate hardships from wartime coal shortages and air raid blackouts.

Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the US adopted it in 1918.

When do the clocks go back? Key facts about the switch to GMT

Britons will be able to enjoy an extra hour under the duvet – and reap health and cognitive bonuses – on Sunday when the clocks go back at 2am, according to sleep experts.

As daylight saving time ends, the UK will switch from British summer time (BST) to Greenwich mean time (GMT), heralding the start of lighter mornings but darker evenings.

But – according to Prof Matthew Walker, director of the Center for Human Sleep Science at Berkeley, California – a small boost to our nightly slumber can also improve memory and increase learning capacity.

Walker, who recently published Why We Sleep, a book drawing on 20 years of research and findings from his laboratory, said: “Just 60 to 90 minutes of additional sleep boosts the learning capacity of the brain, significantly increasing memory retention of facts and preventing forgetting.”

In a study published six years ago in Current Biology, Walker and a team of researchers demonstrated that during a demanding memorising task, test subjects who were allowed extra nap time performed better than those who did not.

They found the brain’s ability to learn was linked to sleep spindles: fast pulses of electricity generated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which accounts for 25% of total sleep time in adult humans.

Spindle-rich sleep, which is said to occur in the second half of the night, helps with the brain’s ability to create new memories by “clearing a path to learning”.

But it is not just about improved brain power. Experiments conducted in 2013 by the Surrey Sleep Centre and the BBC showed a link between an extra hour in bed and genetic expression that helps protect against illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and stress.

Scientists at the centre in Guildford divided the participants into two groups. During the first week, one group slept for six-and-a-half hours nightly while the other had seven-and-a-half hours of sleep. The volunteers then switched their sleep patterns in the second week.

The researchers found that those who had less sleep struggled with mental agility tasks. Blood tests revealed that genes associated with processes such as inflammation, immune response and response to stress became more active for those who had less sleep.

The activity of genes associated with heart disease, diabetes and risk of cancer also increased. They found the reverse happened when the volunteers slept for an extra hour.

Meanwhile, other studies have linked extra sleep time to a lower risk of heart disease. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that adults who slept for seven hours a night had a lower chance of having calcium deposits in their arteries than adults who had only six hours of sleep.

According to scientists from the University of Chicago, who conducted the five-year research, “the benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17mmHg”.

Another study, published in 2012 in the Journal of Sleep Research, found that getting an extra hour of sleep significantly improved blood pressure levels among people with hypertension or pre-hypertension.

Daylight saving time has also been linked to heart attacks. In a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2014, Amneet Sandhu of the University of Colorado reported a 24% increase in heart attack admissions at hospitals in Michigan from 2010 to 2013 on the Monday after the clocks went forward in spring, when compared with other Mondays throughout the year.

In contrast, he noted a 21% decrease in heart attacks on the Tuesday in the same hospitals after the clocks moved an hour back in autumn.

Last year a poll by the Royal Society for Public Health revealed people in the UK slept an average of 6.8 hours, under-sleeping by about an hour a night.

Modern daylight saving time (DST) is a little over 100 years old. It was first proposed by a New Zealander named George Hudson in 1895 and first introduced in the city of Orillia in Ontario in 1911-12.

The idea’s big breakthrough came during the first world war when Germany introduced DST on 30 April 1916 to alleviate hardships from wartime coal shortages and air raid blackouts.

Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the US adopted it in 1918.

When do the clocks go back? Key facts about the switch to GMT

Britons will be able to enjoy an extra hour under the duvet – and reap health and cognitive bonuses – on Sunday when the clocks go back at 2am, according to sleep experts.

As daylight saving time ends, the UK will switch from British summer time (BST) to Greenwich mean time (GMT), heralding the start of lighter mornings but darker evenings.

But – according to Prof Matthew Walker, director of the Center for Human Sleep Science at Berkeley, California – a small boost to our nightly slumber can also improve memory and increase learning capacity.

Walker, who recently published Why We Sleep, a book drawing on 20 years of research and findings from his laboratory, said: “Just 60 to 90 minutes of additional sleep boosts the learning capacity of the brain, significantly increasing memory retention of facts and preventing forgetting.”

In a study published six years ago in Current Biology, Walker and a team of researchers demonstrated that during a demanding memorising task, test subjects who were allowed extra nap time performed better than those who did not.

They found the brain’s ability to learn was linked to sleep spindles: fast pulses of electricity generated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which accounts for 25% of total sleep time in adult humans.

Spindle-rich sleep, which is said to occur in the second half of the night, helps with the brain’s ability to create new memories by “clearing a path to learning”.

But it is not just about improved brain power. Experiments conducted in 2013 by the Surrey Sleep Centre and the BBC showed a link between an extra hour in bed and genetic expression that helps protect against illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and stress.

Scientists at the centre in Guildford divided the participants into two groups. During the first week, one group slept for six-and-a-half hours nightly while the other had seven-and-a-half hours of sleep. The volunteers then switched their sleep patterns in the second week.

The researchers found that those who had less sleep struggled with mental agility tasks. Blood tests revealed that genes associated with processes such as inflammation, immune response and response to stress became more active for those who had less sleep.

The activity of genes associated with heart disease, diabetes and risk of cancer also increased. They found the reverse happened when the volunteers slept for an extra hour.

Meanwhile, other studies have linked extra sleep time to a lower risk of heart disease. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that adults who slept for seven hours a night had a lower chance of having calcium deposits in their arteries than adults who had only six hours of sleep.

According to scientists from the University of Chicago, who conducted the five-year research, “the benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17mmHg”.

Another study, published in 2012 in the Journal of Sleep Research, found that getting an extra hour of sleep significantly improved blood pressure levels among people with hypertension or pre-hypertension.

Daylight saving time has also been linked to heart attacks. In a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2014, Amneet Sandhu of the University of Colorado reported a 24% increase in heart attack admissions at hospitals in Michigan from 2010 to 2013 on the Monday after the clocks went forward in spring, when compared with other Mondays throughout the year.

In contrast, he noted a 21% decrease in heart attacks on the Tuesday in the same hospitals after the clocks moved an hour back in autumn.

Last year a poll by the Royal Society for Public Health revealed people in the UK slept an average of 6.8 hours, under-sleeping by about an hour a night.

Modern daylight saving time (DST) is a little over 100 years old. It was first proposed by a New Zealander named George Hudson in 1895 and first introduced in the city of Orillia in Ontario in 1911-12.

The idea’s big breakthrough came during the first world war when Germany introduced DST on 30 April 1916 to alleviate hardships from wartime coal shortages and air raid blackouts.

Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the US adopted it in 1918.

When do the clocks go back? Key facts about the switch to GMT

Britons will be able to enjoy an extra hour under the duvet – and reap health and cognitive bonuses – on Sunday when the clocks go back at 2am, according to sleep experts.

As daylight saving time ends, the UK will switch from British summer time (BST) to Greenwich mean time (GMT), heralding the start of lighter mornings but darker evenings.

But – according to Prof Matthew Walker, director of the Center for Human Sleep Science at Berkeley, California – a small boost to our nightly slumber can also improve memory and increase learning capacity.

Walker, who recently published Why We Sleep, a book drawing on 20 years of research and findings from his laboratory, said: “Just 60 to 90 minutes of additional sleep boosts the learning capacity of the brain, significantly increasing memory retention of facts and preventing forgetting.”

In a study published six years ago in Current Biology, Walker and a team of researchers demonstrated that during a demanding memorising task, test subjects who were allowed extra nap time performed better than those who did not.

They found the brain’s ability to learn was linked to sleep spindles: fast pulses of electricity generated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which accounts for 25% of total sleep time in adult humans.

Spindle-rich sleep, which is said to occur in the second half of the night, helps with the brain’s ability to create new memories by “clearing a path to learning”.

But it is not just about improved brain power. Experiments conducted in 2013 by the Surrey Sleep Centre and the BBC showed a link between an extra hour in bed and genetic expression that helps protect against illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and stress.

Scientists at the centre in Guildford divided the participants into two groups. During the first week, one group slept for six-and-a-half hours nightly while the other had seven-and-a-half hours of sleep. The volunteers then switched their sleep patterns in the second week.

The researchers found that those who had less sleep struggled with mental agility tasks. Blood tests revealed that genes associated with processes such as inflammation, immune response and response to stress became more active for those who had less sleep.

The activity of genes associated with heart disease, diabetes and risk of cancer also increased. They found the reverse happened when the volunteers slept for an extra hour.

Meanwhile, other studies have linked extra sleep time to a lower risk of heart disease. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that adults who slept for seven hours a night had a lower chance of having calcium deposits in their arteries than adults who had only six hours of sleep.

According to scientists from the University of Chicago, who conducted the five-year research, “the benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17mmHg”.

Another study, published in 2012 in the Journal of Sleep Research, found that getting an extra hour of sleep significantly improved blood pressure levels among people with hypertension or pre-hypertension.

Daylight saving time has also been linked to heart attacks. In a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2014, Amneet Sandhu of the University of Colorado reported a 24% increase in heart attack admissions at hospitals in Michigan from 2010 to 2013 on the Monday after the clocks went forward in spring, when compared with other Mondays throughout the year.

In contrast, he noted a 21% decrease in heart attacks on the Tuesday in the same hospitals after the clocks moved an hour back in autumn.

Last year a poll by the Royal Society for Public Health revealed people in the UK slept an average of 6.8 hours, under-sleeping by about an hour a night.

Modern daylight saving time (DST) is a little over 100 years old. It was first proposed by a New Zealander named George Hudson in 1895 and first introduced in the city of Orillia in Ontario in 1911-12.

The idea’s big breakthrough came during the first world war when Germany introduced DST on 30 April 1916 to alleviate hardships from wartime coal shortages and air raid blackouts.

Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the US adopted it in 1918.

When do the clocks go back? Key facts about the switch to GMT

Britons will be able to enjoy an extra hour under the duvet – and reap health and cognitive bonuses – on Sunday when the clocks go back at 2am, according to sleep experts.

As daylight saving time ends, the UK will switch from British summer time (BST) to Greenwich mean time (GMT), heralding the start of lighter mornings but darker evenings.

But – according to Prof Matthew Walker, director of the Center for Human Sleep Science at Berkeley, California – a small boost to our nightly slumber can also improve memory and increase learning capacity.

Walker, who recently published Why We Sleep, a book drawing on 20 years of research and findings from his laboratory, said: “Just 60 to 90 minutes of additional sleep boosts the learning capacity of the brain, significantly increasing memory retention of facts and preventing forgetting.”

In a study published six years ago in Current Biology, Walker and a team of researchers demonstrated that during a demanding memorising task, test subjects who were allowed extra nap time performed better than those who did not.

They found the brain’s ability to learn was linked to sleep spindles: fast pulses of electricity generated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which accounts for 25% of total sleep time in adult humans.

Spindle-rich sleep, which is said to occur in the second half of the night, helps with the brain’s ability to create new memories by “clearing a path to learning”.

But it is not just about improved brain power. Experiments conducted in 2013 by the Surrey Sleep Centre and the BBC showed a link between an extra hour in bed and genetic expression that helps protect against illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and stress.

Scientists at the centre in Guildford divided the participants into two groups. During the first week, one group slept for six-and-a-half hours nightly while the other had seven-and-a-half hours of sleep. The volunteers then switched their sleep patterns in the second week.

The researchers found that those who had less sleep struggled with mental agility tasks. Blood tests revealed that genes associated with processes such as inflammation, immune response and response to stress became more active for those who had less sleep.

The activity of genes associated with heart disease, diabetes and risk of cancer also increased. They found the reverse happened when the volunteers slept for an extra hour.

Meanwhile, other studies have linked extra sleep time to a lower risk of heart disease. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that adults who slept for seven hours a night had a lower chance of having calcium deposits in their arteries than adults who had only six hours of sleep.

According to scientists from the University of Chicago, who conducted the five-year research, “the benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17mmHg”.

Another study, published in 2012 in the Journal of Sleep Research, found that getting an extra hour of sleep significantly improved blood pressure levels among people with hypertension or pre-hypertension.

Daylight saving time has also been linked to heart attacks. In a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2014, Amneet Sandhu of the University of Colorado reported a 24% increase in heart attack admissions at hospitals in Michigan from 2010 to 2013 on the Monday after the clocks went forward in spring, when compared with other Mondays throughout the year.

In contrast, he noted a 21% decrease in heart attacks on the Tuesday in the same hospitals after the clocks moved an hour back in autumn.

Last year a poll by the Royal Society for Public Health revealed people in the UK slept an average of 6.8 hours, under-sleeping by about an hour a night.

Modern daylight saving time (DST) is a little over 100 years old. It was first proposed by a New Zealander named George Hudson in 1895 and first introduced in the city of Orillia in Ontario in 1911-12.

The idea’s big breakthrough came during the first world war when Germany introduced DST on 30 April 1916 to alleviate hardships from wartime coal shortages and air raid blackouts.

Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the US adopted it in 1918.

When do the clocks go back? Key facts about the switch to GMT

Britons will be able to enjoy an extra hour under the duvet – and reap health and cognitive bonuses – on Sunday when the clocks go back at 2am, according to sleep experts.

As daylight saving time ends, the UK will switch from British summer time (BST) to Greenwich mean time (GMT), heralding the start of lighter mornings but darker evenings.

But – according to Prof Matthew Walker, director of the Center for Human Sleep Science at Berkeley, California – a small boost to our nightly slumber can also improve memory and increase learning capacity.

Walker, who recently published Why We Sleep, a book drawing on 20 years of research and findings from his laboratory, said: “Just 60 to 90 minutes of additional sleep boosts the learning capacity of the brain, significantly increasing memory retention of facts and preventing forgetting.”

In a study published six years ago in Current Biology, Walker and a team of researchers demonstrated that during a demanding memorising task, test subjects who were allowed extra nap time performed better than those who did not.

They found the brain’s ability to learn was linked to sleep spindles: fast pulses of electricity generated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which accounts for 25% of total sleep time in adult humans.

Spindle-rich sleep, which is said to occur in the second half of the night, helps with the brain’s ability to create new memories by “clearing a path to learning”.

But it is not just about improved brain power. Experiments conducted in 2013 by the Surrey Sleep Centre and the BBC showed a link between an extra hour in bed and genetic expression that helps protect against illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and stress.

Scientists at the centre in Guildford divided the participants into two groups. During the first week, one group slept for six-and-a-half hours nightly while the other had seven-and-a-half hours of sleep. The volunteers then switched their sleep patterns in the second week.

The researchers found that those who had less sleep struggled with mental agility tasks. Blood tests revealed that genes associated with processes such as inflammation, immune response and response to stress became more active for those who had less sleep.

The activity of genes associated with heart disease, diabetes and risk of cancer also increased. They found the reverse happened when the volunteers slept for an extra hour.

Meanwhile, other studies have linked extra sleep time to a lower risk of heart disease. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that adults who slept for seven hours a night had a lower chance of having calcium deposits in their arteries than adults who had only six hours of sleep.

According to scientists from the University of Chicago, who conducted the five-year research, “the benefit of one hour of additional sleep was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 17mmHg”.

Another study, published in 2012 in the Journal of Sleep Research, found that getting an extra hour of sleep significantly improved blood pressure levels among people with hypertension or pre-hypertension.

Daylight saving time has also been linked to heart attacks. In a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2014, Amneet Sandhu of the University of Colorado reported a 24% increase in heart attack admissions at hospitals in Michigan from 2010 to 2013 on the Monday after the clocks went forward in spring, when compared with other Mondays throughout the year.

In contrast, he noted a 21% decrease in heart attacks on the Tuesday in the same hospitals after the clocks moved an hour back in autumn.

Last year a poll by the Royal Society for Public Health revealed people in the UK slept an average of 6.8 hours, under-sleeping by about an hour a night.

Modern daylight saving time (DST) is a little over 100 years old. It was first proposed by a New Zealander named George Hudson in 1895 and first introduced in the city of Orillia in Ontario in 1911-12.

The idea’s big breakthrough came during the first world war when Germany introduced DST on 30 April 1916 to alleviate hardships from wartime coal shortages and air raid blackouts.

Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the US adopted it in 1918.