Tag Archives: limits

Chinese internet giant limits online game play for children over health concerns

All-night gaming marathons will soon end for some Chinese children after the internet giant Tencent began limiting daily playing times on its smartphone smash hit King of Glory in order to “ensure children’s healthy development”.

Young players will be restricted to one or two hours on the mobile online multiplayer battle game, which boasts 80 million daily users, as concerns grow in China that long periods online are posing a serious threat to the country’s youth.

Tencent, which ranks first in the world for gaming revenue, said in a statement that King of Glory was “supposed to bring joy … but excessive gaming brings joy to neither players nor their parents”.

Some 24 million young people in China are estimated to be internet addicts.

State media reported in April that a 17-year-old gamer in southern Guangdong province suffered a type of stroke after spending 40 consecutive hours playing King of Glory.

The game became the world’s highest grossing game this year, with an estimated first-quarter revenue of around 6 bn yuan ($ 883m), according to Xinhua state news agency.

Users 12 years of age and younger are now limited to one hour of play a day and will not be permitted to sign in after 9pm, Tencent said on the weekend. The move goes into effect on Tuesday.

Users between 12 and 18 years of age are limited to two hours per day.

According to the company, which called its new controls the “three broad axes,” those who play beyond the allotted time period will be “forced to go offline”.

Tencent will also place caps on the amount of money that underage users can spend on the platform, so as to rein in “minors’ irrational consumption”.

Additional measures implemented earlier this year include a real-name authentication system and software that enables parents to place electronic locks on the game.

China, which became the first country to declare internet addiction a clinical disorder in 2008, introduced draft legislation this February that would ban minors from playing online games between midnight and 8am.

But in the current absence of “clear regulations to guard against mobile gaming addiction,” Tencent said, “we have decided to take the lead … and dispel parents’ concerns”.

“We also call on parents to spend more time with their children, to allow them to feel more the warmth of growing up.”

In recent years, some Chinese parents began sending their children to intensive internet addiction “rehabilitation” centres known for their military-style tactics.

The draft regulation aimed to curtail the more extreme methods employed at these centres, such as electroshock therapy and beatings.

Limits on learning to speak English like a native | Daniel Glaser

Is there a better way to judge who should live where and what belonging to a country really means? Something more enlightened than the permanent residency form that has provoked so much criticism recently. Sadly, a neuroscientific approach to how language marks you out as a recent arrival is unlikely to be any more forgiving. Although very young children respond equally to all languages, infants raised in a Japanese-only environment start to lose the ability to distinguish ‘l’ and ‘r’ sounds between six and 12 months old. English-speaking children get better at making the distinction.

Even if you learn a second language to a very high standard, you’ll never speak it like a native unless you were exposed to it by around the age of eight. This is mirrored by brain scans. Languages you learn after eight go into a subtly different area of the brain to those acquired earlier.

None of this suggests that we should include MRI scans in nationality tests. But it does show how hard we must work to implement modern and enlightened standards to determine who gets to live where.

Listen to this week’s podcast at theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/series/neuroscientist-explains

Europe escalates action against UK for breaching air pollution limits

An EU review has revealed multiple failings by the UK in applying environmental law, on the same day that the commission escalated its action against Britain for breaching air pollution limits.

Britain has been in breach of EU nitrogen dioxide (NO2) limits since 2010, with London overshooting its annual air pollution limit for the whole of 2017 in just the first five days.

The Guardian understands that a “reasoned opinion” will now be sent on 15 February to the UK and four other countries: Germany, France, Italy and Spain. If a satisfactory response is not received within two months, a case at the European court could follow.

“In principle it could start later this year, but first we have to decide on a referral to court,” an EU source said. “Your goal is always to get them [infringing countries] to comply without taking them to court.”

An estimated 50,000 Britons die prematurely each year from diseases caused by air pollutants such as fine particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ozone, according to the review.

Six million working days are lost from pollution-related illnesses annually, at a cost of €28bn per year, it says.

News of the court move was welcomed by Seb Dance, the Labour MEP who was photographed behind Nigel Farage in parliament with a sign saying “he’s lying to you” last week. “It is great that the EU is doing this,” he said. “It shows the value of being in the union and having recourse to action when standards are breached.”

A high-profile environmental case against the UK at the European court of justice could inflame eurosceptic passions, as fears grow on the continent about the potential shock waves from Brexit.

Britain is already failing in its application of laws on air quality, water standards, and the conservation of several species, particularly marine porpoises, according to the latest review.

If Theresa May makes good on her threat to turn the UK into a low tax zone off the shores of Europe because a Brexit deal cannot be reached, environmentalists fear a further deterioration.

Pieter de Pous, the deputy director of the European environment bureau, said: “This review is the latest sobering reminder of the UK government’s shameful lack of ambition when it comes to environmental protection.

“Given Theresa May’s extremely worrying threats to turn the UK into a tax and deregulation haven post-Brexit, any future deal granting the UK access to the single market must come with strict conditions – and rock-solid guarantees from the UK – to ensure that it complies with existing and future EU environmental law.”

Commission sources said that Brexit would have “economic implications” for EU environmental policy, but that it was too early to speculate what they might be.

The Green MEP Molly Scott Cato said that May’s failure to include environmental protections among the 12-points of her Brexit white paper was “a clear indication that to be charitable, the environment is not at the top of her list and, to be more cynical, that Brexit is partly being driven by a desire to reduce environmental standards as part of a bonfire of the regulations”.

She said: “Using attempts to destroy our own standards as a bargaining chip is something I find extraordinary. It’s absurd. Who would go into a negotiation like that? Our weaknesses in leaving the EU throw us into the hands of the US when it is being run by a president and cabal who are deeply anti-environment and climate action. It leaves our environment very vulnerable.”

In an interview with Michael Gove last month, Trump railed against “environmental tricks” by the EU, which he claimed had prevented him from building a sea wall to protect a golf course in Ireland.

The construction works would have destroyed the natural habitat of the 2mm long narrow-mouthed whorl snail.

Conservatives hoping to lure the US into a rapid free-trade deal may be frustrated to discover that the UK is still obliged to draw up a strategy for protecting bats and the great-crested newt under EU birds and habitat laws, which will continue to apply until Britain has finally departed the union.

Full compliance with the EU’s waste recycling laws by 2020 could net €42bn of savings across Europe and create 400,000 new jobs, according to the EU study.

NHS intensive care ‘at its limits’ because of staff shortages

The NHS’s network of intensive care units is “at its limits” because they are overwhelmed by staff shortages and the sheer number of patients needing life-or-death care, senior doctors are warning in an unprecedented intervention.

Intensive care units (ICUs) are becoming so full that patient safety is increasingly at risk because life-saving operations – including heart, abdominal and neurosurgery – are having to be delayed, the leaders of the specialist doctors who staff the units have told the Guardian.

“Intensive care is at its limits in terms of capacity and struggles to maintain adequate staffing levels,” said Dr Carl Waldmann, the dean of the Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine (FICM).

“It is important that bed occupancy rates do not exceed 85% in order to ensure there is capacity for emergencies. The reality is that many units are quickly reaching 100% capacity whenever there is excessive hospital activity,” he added.

The Guardian can reveal that, in a stark example of the growing problems, Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS trust last week ran out of intensive care beds at its two hospitals and was struggling to provide normal care to the many patients needing treatment for life-or-death conditions.

In a letter to its nurses, it said: “The critical care units have been working under considerable and sustained pressure. This is as a direct consequence of both the high number of patients requiring critical care support, and the intensity of each patient’s needs. This is in excess of the established number of level 3 [intensive care] equivalent beds on both hospital sites.”

Dr Liam Brennan, the president of the Royal College of Anaesthetists, voiced similar concerns. “In order to care for acutely unwell patients, surgery is being postponed because of lack of ITU [intensive therapy unit] beds. The combination of inadequate staffing levels in intensive care units together with a shortage of high-dependency beds is having a very real impact on patients, which are needing to have critical surgery such as major abdominal or chest surgery, or neurosurgery, delayed for their own safety,” he said.

“I’ve had reports from anaesthetists and intensive care specialists across the country of 100% occupancy rates in intensive care units and of major surgical cases, including cardiac cases which are potentially life threatening, being cancelled because the beds required for the post-operative care are needed for other critically ill patients,” Brennan added.

Steve Jessop, the trust’s nurse director, added that as a result, “at this time the service is currently unable to deliver critical care services to the high number of patients that require treatment resulting in: cancellation of life-saving operations for patients requiring critical care support, including neurosurgery, cardiothoracic surgery, vascular surgery and cancer operations.

“Currently the critical care units are caring for patients which are significantly above the number of patients we are resourced to care for.” Jessop offered nurses increased pay for working extra shifts to help relieve the pressure in its critical care units in Hull and Cottingham in east Yorkshire.

Doctors working in intensive care have told the Guardian how ICU bed shortages have become even more acute during the NHS’s “winter crisis” and forced patients needing life-or-death treatment in an ICU to wait many hours before getting a bed. One told how a patient with sepsis, the blood infection that kills an estimated 44,000 people a year, had to wait more than 12 hours in A&E for an ICU bed to become free. Another patient, an elderly man who was known to be dying after a cardiac arrest, ended up passing away in an A&E unit rather than in a side room in the hospital’s ICU as doctors hoped because it was so full.

Waldmann and Brennan also fear that patient safety is at risk as a result of ICUs becoming overloaded. “Multidisciplinary teams have maintained patient safety, but in future years this may increasingly come at the expense of quality of care,” said Waldmann.

The disclosure that ICUs are under such intense strain challenges both Theresa May’s recent insistence that the unprecedented problems seen in hospitals are in line with normal winter pressures and the claim by the health secretary, Jeremy Hunt, that the NHS is “performing well”. Copious official data shows that hospitals, GP surgeries and ambulance services, under the heaviest pressures on record, are routinely breaching NHS-wide targets for seeing and treating patients fast enough.

NHS-wide shortages of specialist doctors and nurses means ICU beds often lie unused because there are no staff to care for patients, added Brennan. One in three of the 220 ICUs across the UK have a vacancy for at least one consultant, according to new survey data collected by the FICM. “Bed capacity figures still do not give a true reflection of the situation on the ground. A number of seemingly empty beds have to remain empty as there are not sufficient doctors and nurses in place to support them,” said Waldmann.

Jonathan Ashworth, the shadow health secretary, said: “Reports that intensive care is at capacity and without adequate staffing should set alarms bells ringing in Downing Street, but instead we have a prime minister utterly lacking in her response to the NHS crisis.

“The truth is problems are getting worse and more widespread than in previous years with even life-saving cardiac, abdominal or neurosurgery operations being cancelled. Theresa May needs to get a grip of the crisis and explain what action she’s going to take to make sure that hospitals can get in place the number of staff they need to keep patients safe.”

NHS England denied there were any serious problems. “At this time of year it’s not unusual for specialist intensive care units to become busy, but tracking data on occupancy rates show hospitals have teams in place to ensure the right care is available. This can include moving patients to other hospitals or bringing in extra staff where necessary,” said a spokeswoman.

Petrol cars allowed to exceed pollution limits by 50% under draft EU laws

New European cars with petrol engines will be allowed to overshoot a limit on toxic particulates emissions by 50% under a draft EU regulation backed by the UK and most other EU states.

Campaigners say that a simple €25 (£22) filter could drastically cut the pollution, but the Guardian has learned that car-makers have instead mounted a successful push for loopholes and legislative delay.

Bas Eickhout, a Green MEP on the European parliament’s environment committee and dieselgate inquiry panel, promised action to ensure that the lessons of the VW scandal were learned.

“With this ridiculous proposal, the EU’s member states are again trying to dilute EU laws at a terrible cost to human health. We will call on the European commission to come to the European parliament and explain themselves on this issue,” he said.

Particulate matter (PM) is the largest single contributor to the estimated 600,000 premature deaths across Europe from pollution-related heart and lung diseases each year. Children and the elderly are worst affected, and the associated health costs could be as high as €1.6tn a year in Europe, according to the World Health Organisation.

Although exhaust fumes from diesel and petrol engines are one of the largest sources of particulates emissions, most EU member states support raising the EU’s pollution standard 50% above the legal limit set down in the Euro 6 regulation. Behind the scenes, vehicle makers have pushed strongly for a staggering 300% over, according to material seen by the Guardian.

The draft regulation is still being discussed by EU member states and the auto industry has not given up hopes of wrenching further concessions on particulate emissions ahead of a final decision on 7 December.

One Powerpoint slide shown to EU expert groups by the European automobile manufacturers association (Acea) says that a 300% latitude in meeting the letter of the law would be “realistic” because of “measurement uncertainty” in emissions tests.

Florent Grelier, a clean vehicles engineer at the Transport and Environment (T&E) campaign group, told the Guardian she feared that EU attempts to improve air quality were being “bent to the will of the automotive industry”.

“This is a petrolgate scandal in the making,” she said. “Unless the European commission and governments establish strict test procedures to protect the industry from its own short-sightedness, within a few years we will see continuing high levels of particles killing hundreds of thousands of citizens prematurely.”

Under EU law, car-manufacturers are already obliged to use filters for diesel engines, but not for the rapidly-growing 40% of the petrol engine market which is made up by uncontrolled gasoline direct injection engines. These release more particulate matter than modern diesel cars.

Gasoline particulate filters could reduce these emissions by a factor of around 100, and would cost manufacturers just €25 per car, according to research by T&E. But car manufacturers have argued this would violate the principle of technology neutrality.

A spokesman for Acea declined to comment on the issue.

Calls by the auto industry for a delay in implementing the new regulation have been well received by several car-producing EU countries. Spain and Sweden argued for a one-year legislative delay that would push its introduction back to 2019, in minutes of a technical committee meeting earlier this month seen by the Guardian.

The UK took no formal position on when the new regulation should enter into force but warned of “unintended adverse effects” if PM limits were given a separate starting date to standards for another pollutant, nitriogen oxide (NOx) , which will now begin in 2019.

An EU group of national experts – the technical committee on motor vehicles – is now expected to sign off on the final proposal to amend the Euro 6 regulation for real world driving emissions, in December.

The issue of “conformity factors” – or compensating for uncertainties in emissions tests – last year led the committee to impose a NOx limit 110% higher than the one written into the Euro 6 regulations last year.

United kingdom cities will exceed EU pollution limits right up until 2030, figures present

Air pollution levels in London, Birmingham, and Leeds will exceed European limits till at least 2030, newly-published figures display.

In a case at the European court of justice on Thursday lawyers for the commission described the UK’s failure to act on the breach as “maybe the longest operating infringement of EU law in historical past.”

The Uk has exceeded the EU’s nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution restrict considering that 2010, top the European commission and environmental lawyers to launch separate legal actions towards the government which faces potential fines of £300m a yr for its infraction.

On Wednesday, the government published revised and far more accurate projections for NO2 emissions, which display that it expects the Better London urban region, West Midlands urban location and West Yorkshire urban area will be in breach right up until “after 2030″, 5-10 years later on than previously expected.

NO2 is largely caused by diesel autos, and can aggravate current overall health troubles such as asthma. Research have begun to propose NO2 could have as wonderful an impact on early deaths as particulate pollution which have previously been linked to larger risks of lung cancer and heart failure. Air pollution triggers an estimated 29,000 deaths a 12 months in the Uk, in accordance to Public Overall health England.

Tyneside, Liverpool, Nottingham, Sheffield and Bristol, all previously expected to be in compliance of NO2 amounts by 2015, will now not be compliant until finally 2025, in accordance to the revised figures, which take into account much more precise “functionality of present day diesel cars and older petrol vehicles”.

Alan Andrews, a attorney for ClientEarth which has brought a situation towards the United kingdom for the breach which was heard by the European court of justice, said: “It’s poor sufficient that the government has no intention of complying with these limits in the foreseeable future. It’s even worse that they are attempting to hide behind legal procedural principles to maintain this quiet. We have a appropriate to breathe clean air and the correct to know when the government is failing to safeguard us.

He extra: “Another five many years of delay indicates thousands much more people will die or be made critically ill. The Uk demands to act now to get deadly diesel autos out of our towns and cities.”

Barry Gardiner, shadow setting minister, explained: “Today’s response from the European court of justice exhibits that the government is failing to meet even its very own inadequate air pollution targets. Instead of implementing measures to minimize the ranges of pollution, the government lately had to scrap its very own air top quality approach due to the fact it would have produced the difficulty worse, and presently the government have no strategy.”

“Now the government’s only target is covering their back by passing fines for their very own failure to reduce air pollution on to regional authorities. With out urgent action young children in the Uk will be waiting for one more twenty years before they can expect any improvement.”

This week, air pollution specialists at King’s School in London stated that NO2 levels in London’s Oxford Street were the worst in the globe. A verdict on the ClientEarth situation is anticipated from the European court of justice towards the end of this yr.

‘There are no limits to what Natty can achieve’

“All young children — truly all of us — need to have to see each and every kind of person represented in the media, whether or not they have a disability or not,” says Hayley, who writes an award-winning website named DownsSideUp. Following Frugi, Natty was in a shoot with children’s clothes brand JoJo Maman Bebe, a holiday business and the nearby tourist attraction the Eden Undertaking. A lot more lately, a youthful boy with Down’s syndrome (DS) called Seb White has appeared in M&ampS commercials, and Boden employed a tiny lady with cerebral palsy in its latest catalogues.

In Natty, Sainsbury’s has definitely selected a star-in-the-creating. When we very first meet, in the rose-scented gardens of the local tea rooms, she greets me with a cry that will be acquainted to mothers and fathers of small ladies everywhere. “I’m Elsa,” she announces, referencing her favourite character from the Disney film Frozen. And when I request what she did at school right now, she replies, “We did Frozen,” even although her father is insisting they need to have accomplished sums or reading.

But Natty is not the only 1 whose existence has modified in the past handful of years. Bob and Hayley, and Natty’s elder sister, Mia, 10, have all been on a steep understanding curve.

Good portrayal: Natty taking element in the Sainsbury’s marketing campaign

Right after providing birth to Mia in 2004, Hayley had several miscarriages ahead of she grew to become pregnant with Natty. At 15 weeks into her pregnancy, a scan showed that there was a 1-in-300 possibility that the infant would have the additional chromosome 21 that denotes Down’s.

“We chose not to have more testing,’’ says Hayley. “There is a conditioning to fear Down’s syndrome coupled with an assumption that if a foetus tests optimistic for it, you will instantly have a termination. But we had been lucky to have a great midwife who just reassured us we could cope, so we acquired on with it. Possibly we have been naive or perhaps arrogantly ignorant, but we’d had Mia very easily so why would the end result of this pregnancy be any distinct?’’

And when Natty was born in December 2006, Hayley and Bob’s most urgent concern was their 2nd child’s existence: following a house birth, she was born blue and silent. Later on, at the Royal Cornwall Hospital in Treliske, as soon as Natty’s oxygen amounts had been raised in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), the couple had been informed that their daughter did certainly have an added chromosome. One of the typical complications for young children with Down’s syndrome is a hole in the heart, and Natty had two, which were making it tougher for oxygen to circulate close to her entire body.

“I had a flash of the stereotype — of what I imagined my daughter wouldn’t be ready to do,” says Hayley. “And I had a extremely true concern for her life. I knew she would want heart surgical treatment — would I drop her? In which situation, did we dare to really like her? Would Bob blame me? Would he forgive me? I went into shock.”

Bob was far more pragmatic: “I just wanted to do the ideal for my household, safeguard and help them however was essential.”

For Hayley, the lightbulb moment came when a midwife warned her that Natty necessary breast milk. “She bluntly said to me, ‘That youngster requirements your really like now — no matter whether she lives or dies.’ It was the push I essential to get on with currently being a mother.”

Reaction to the news of Natty’s birth was muted. “People do not send cards, they really do not know whether or not to congratulate you or not,’’ says Hayley. “Someone actually explained they have been sorry to hear the news,’’ Bob adds indignantly. “But a baby is always something to rejoice about.”

And, as they the two level out, the diagnosis manufactured no big difference to Natty. “She was completely unaware of the stigma attached to her further chromosome,’’ says Hayley.

“And when we realised that, we knew who she was — our daughter, not a set of signs or predictions for the future. With Mia, we could reside in each valuable baby moment. But with Natty we had been falling into the trap of only searching ahead into the future and conjuring up difficulties. I’d even determined we would in no way be in a position to have a holiday abroad once again.” Now she shakes her head in disbelief. The household have loved plenty of holidays given that then to exotic destinations, such as Mauritius and Jamaica.

Not that the early many years were straightforward. When Natty very first came property, she couldn’t feed without having a nasogastric tube, which passes from the nose by way of the oesophagus and down to the abdomen, which Hayley learnt to insert as the county was short of skilled nurses obtainable for property visits. Aged two, Natty necessary heart surgical procedure to close 1 hole (the other had healed naturally) at Bristol Children’s Hospital. Holding her in his arms although the anaesthetic took hold was terrifying, says Bob. But the final results have been astonishing: with oxygen circulating in her blood appropriately for the very first time, Natty knowledgeable a growth and development surge. To her parents’ delight, they suddenly had a lively chocolate cake-devouring chatterbox on their hands.

Her elder sister Mia, usually protective and delicate, gained a correct playmate, too. The two became partners in crime, swimming and enjoying on the beach together, riding at the nearby stables and of course these days acting out scenes from their favourite movie, Frozen, in the garden.

For Hayley, one particular of her proudest days was when Natty began mainstream college at the age of five. It also left her with time on her hands — to start her blog, sharing data, concepts and positivity about life in a typical family members residing with Down’s syndrome. Inside of a week, her postings about Natty had been becoming go through close to the globe she now gets about 30,000 hits a month, with mother and father coming to share experiences or uncover reassurance.

She has been in demand as a speaker at parenting conferences, and encouraged to campaign for wider tolerance of Down’s (hence Natty’s star flip for Sainsbury’s), which has also observed her invited to Downing Street.

When Natty was two days old, a medical professional advised Hayley and Bob: “You are going to be ambassadors for kids like this.” The couple did not realize at 1st. “But now,” says Hayley, “when you get an electronic mail from a family or a mum on a ward who says ‘Your blog has thrown me a lifeline now I can see what the potential could hold’, then we know we’re performing the right factor.’’ Bob adds: “Hayley has located a vocation with her campaigning.’’

As for Natty, her persona could obviously take her anyplace. “Natty has a T-shirt with a quote from Hamlet on it: ‘We know what we are now but not what we could be.’ And that’s true for all of us,” says Bob. “We really don’t have any limits on our expectations for her any much more.’’

Mia Goleniowska has written a guide for siblings referred to as ‘I Adore You Natty’ (obtainable from Amazon £5.99). Hayley’s blog is downssideup.com

Fruit juice and cereals push youngsters over sugar limits

For ladies below 10, 28 per cent of added sugar came from drinks, such as 12 per cent from fruit juice, according to the National Diet plan and Nutrition Survey, which covers the 4 many years from 2008 to 2012.

As young children received older, the proportions rose nonetheless more, to 42 per cent for boys, and 38 per cent for girls, the figures show, with soft drinks responsible for most of the added sugar.

Public health officials stated young children ought to be allowed fruit juice – but that it ought to be limited to a single drink per day, with a meal.

Overall health campaigners explained a lot of parents did not realise how much sugar is contained in fruit jucies and soft drinks and referred to as for clearer labelling on goods to tackle Britain’s obesity timebomb.

Nutritionist Kawther Hashem from Action on Sugar stated, “The large amount of sugar additional to foods and drink products which includes fruit juice, soft drinks and breakfast cereals offers us calories with no nutritional value.”

“The government must stop acting in the greatest interests of the food and drink industry rather than men and women, and take action on sugar now.”

The report mentioned cereals and cereal items have been the 2nd main contributor to sugar in children’s diets.

The class – covering breakfast cereals and bars, as effectively as biscuits and cakes – was responsible for all around a single quarter of daily added sugars, the report identified.

The nationwide survey, based on in-depth study involving 1,000 people a 12 months, discovered minor alter in Britain’s consuming habits, with most folks failing to meet any of the nationwide tips on a healthful diet program.

All age groups exceeded suggestions that average saturated body fat consumption must not exceeed 11 per cent of foods energy, with an typical of twelve.6 per cent for grownups.

Salt intake was one.2g a day greater than the suggested greatest everyday restrict of 6g/day.

Typical salt consumption in kids aged four to 18 years also exceeded recommendations for every age group except for children aged seven to ten many years.

In spite of considerably publicised guidelines advising the public to consume 5-a-day fruit and veg, on common, children are consuming far much less, the analysis identified.

Just 10 per cent of boys and 7 per cent of girls aged amongst 11 to 18 met the suggestions. On average boys had 3 portions a day, although girls had two.7 portions, the statistics show.

Grownups fared better.

Individuals aged 19 to 64 many years consumed an average of 4.1 portions per day whilst older grownups are consuming the most fruit and greens, the information displays, with an common of 4.six portions a day amid grownups aged 65 and above.

Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Overall health England, stated: “The new NDNS information highlights that kids are consuming also several sugary drinks. The greatest drinks for school-aged kids are water and reduced fat milk. Fruit juice is also a excellent decision as it can be incorporated as one particular of your 5 portions of fruit and veggies per day. Nevertheless it must only be drunk when a day and with a meal due to the fact it can be higher in sugar and can cause tooth decay.”

She said the information covering four years showed little alter over the time period.

Dr Tedstone said: “The findings, from the 4 years covered by the survey, confirm that eating routines do not modify quickly. It is clear that we all need to function with each other to support individuals boost their diet programs.”

New sugar limits: 26 ‘mini well being time bombs’

Starbucks caramel frappuccino with whipped cream (with milk)
Contains the equivalent of 11 teaspoons of sugar*

Coca Cola authentic 330ml
9 teaspoons

Mars Refuel milk drink 350 ml
eleven teaspoons

Pepsi regular cola 330ml
9 teaspoons

ASDA dark Belgian chocolate pudding 100g serving
9 teaspoons

Tesco sticky toffee sponge pudding 100g serving
9 teaspoons

Mars chocolate bar 51g
8 teaspoons

Fanta Fruit Twist 330ml
eight teaspoons

Waitrose lemon drizzle pudding 115g serving
8 teaspoons

Red Bull power drink 250ml
seven teaspoons

Tesco Juice Bar Super Fruita smoothie 250ml
seven teaspoons

Sainsbury’s strawberry and banana smoothie 250ml
7 teaspoons

Heinz treacle sponge pudding 75g serving
7 teaspoons

Muller Crunch Corner strawberry shortcake yoghurt 135g
6 teaspoons

Twix bar 50g
six teaspoons

Innocent Smoothie, mango and passion fruit 200ml serving
six teaspoons

Sharwood’s sweet and sour chicken with rice 375g
6 teaspoons

Cadbury scorching drinking chocolate (with semi-skimmed milk) 200ml
6 teaspoons

Crunchie bar 40g
six teaspoons

Tropicana smooth orange juice 200ml serving
5 teaspoons

Sainsbury’s 100 per cent pressed apple juice 200ml serving
5 teaspoons

Capri-Sun orange juice 200ml
5 teaspoons

Sprite sparkling lemon and lime drink 330ml
5 teaspoons

Snickers bar 48g
5 teaspoons

Don Simon clementine juice 200ml serving
5 teaspoons

Hartleys strawberry jelly, per serving
five teaspoons

*based mostly on 4g of sugar equating to one teaspoon

Some of the goods have milk, total fruit and veggies which have naturally occurring sugar that is not included in the World Overall health Organisation’s limits. The six teaspoon restrict includes any sugar that is added to food items by the manufacturer, plus that naturally current in honey, syrups, and fruit juices.

Sources: Action on Sugar (survey carried out in January 2014) dietary values offered for personal merchandise

White Property and USDA propose principles for free of charge lunches and ad limits in schools

Moving past the lunch line, new guidelines that will be proposed Tuesday by the White Home and the Agriculture Department would limit marketing of unhealthy foods in schools. They would phase out the marketing of sugary drinks and junk foods about campuses throughout the college day and make sure that other promotions in schools have been in line with well being specifications that already apply to college meals.

That means a scoreboard at a high school football or basketball game eventually wouldn’t be allowed to market Coke, for illustration, but it could promote Diet program Coke or Dasani water, which are also owned by Coca Cola. Same with the front of a vending machine. Cups, posters and menu boards which advertise food items that don’t meet the specifications would also be phased out.

Ninety % of this kind of marketing and advertising in schools is relevant to drinks, and several soda businesses presently have began to transition their income and advertising in schools from sugary sodas and sports drinks to their very own healthier products.

The proposed rules are component of very first lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move initiative to combat child weight problems, which is celebrating its fourth anniversary this week. Mrs Obama and agriculture secretary Tom Vilsack will announce the new guidelines at a White Residence occasion.

“The idea right here is simple – our classrooms should be healthier places in which little ones aren’t bombarded with adverts for junk foods,” the very first lady mentioned in a statement launched just before the announcement. “Because when mothers and fathers are operating difficult to educate their little ones wholesome routines at home, their operate shouldn’t be undone by unhealthy messages at college.”

The principles also would enable far more youngsters accessibility to cost-free lunches and guarantee that colleges have wellness policies in spot. The proposed rules come on the heels of USDA regulations that are now requiring foods in the college lunch line to be healthier.

Guidelines set to go into effect next college yr will make other food items around college more healthy as well, like in vending machines and separate “a la carte” lines in the lunch area. Calorie, body fat, sugar and sodium limits will have to be met on almost every food and beverage sold in the course of the college day at a hundred,000 schools. Concessions sold at after-college sports activities video games would be exempt.

The healthier food rules have come under fire from conservatives who believe the government shouldn’t dictate what kids eat – and from some college students who really do not like the more healthy meals.

Mindful of the backlash, the USDA is enabling schools to make some of their personal selections on what constitutes advertising and marketing and asking for feedback on some alternatives. For illustration, the proposal asks for remarks on initiatives like Pizza Hut’s “Book It” plan, which co-ordinates with colleges to reward little ones with pizza for reading through.

Rules for other college fundraisers, like bake sales and marketing and advertising for these events, would be left up to colleges or states.

Off-campus fundraisers, like an occasion at a regional fast-meals outlet that rewards a college, nevertheless would be permitted. But posters advertising the quickly foods may possibly not be permitted in college hallways. An e mail to mothers and fathers, with or without having the marketing, would have to suffice. The thought is to market place to the mothers and fathers, not the little ones.

The rule also makes allowances for significant infrastructure expenses – that scoreboard advertising Coca Cola, for illustration, wouldn’t have to be immediately torn down. But the school would have to get one particular with a more healthy message the up coming time it was replaced.

The beverage sector, led by Coca Cola, Dr Pepper Snapple Group and PepsiCo, is on board with the move. American Beverage Association President and CEO Susan Neely explained in a statement that aligning signage with the more healthy drinks that will be supplied in schools is the “logical subsequent step”.

“Mrs Obama’s efforts to carry on to strengthen college wellness make sense for the properly-currently being of our schoolchildren,” Neely stated.

Although Mrs Obama lobbied Congress to pass the school nutrition bill in 2010, most of her efforts in recent years have been focused on the personal sector, constructing partnerships with foods firms and retailers to sell healthier meals.

The youngster nutrition law also expanded feeding packages for hungry college students. The guidelines currently being proposed Tuesday would boost that even more by allowing the highest-poverty schools to serve lunch and breakfast to all students for totally free. In accordance to the USDA and the White House, that initiative would enable nine million children in 22,000 schools to receive free of charge lunches.

The USDA has previously tested the program, which is developed to boost participation for students and minimize paperwork and applications for schools, in 11 states.

In addition, the Obama administration will announce new recommendations for college wellness policies. Schools have been needed to have standard wellness policies that set their own general requirements for meals, physical action and other wellness pursuits considering that 2004. But the new rules would need parents and other individuals in the college community to be involved in individuals decisions.